Fungal infections and ingrown toe nails are some of most common pathologies of the nails.
Bunions, metatarsalgia, Morton's neuroma, plantar plate tears, sesamoiditis, gout, arthritis, callus, toe deformities and plantar warts all occur in the forefoot area.
Metatarsal fractures, Lisfranc joint fractures/dislocation, navicular stress fractures, Jones fractures, intermetatarsal arthritis and arterial ulcers all occur around the midfoot area.
Shin splints, deep vein thrombosis, tibia and fibula stress fractures, compartment syndrome, calf strains and referred pain can occur in the lower part of the leg.
Ligament sprains, arthritis, syndesmosis injury (high ankle sprain), tarsal tunnel syndrome, posterior tibial tendon dysfunction and venous ulcers can occur at the ankle.
Plantar fasciitis, Sever's disease, calcaneal stress fractures, calcaneal fractures and insertional achilles tendinopathy can all occur at the heel.
Arch pain, pes cavus (high arch), pes planus (low arch), flexor tendonitis and spring (plantar calcaneonavicular) ligament rupture present around the inner arch.